Coaching Techniques Encyclopedia | Discover All Practices, Tools, and Therapy Exercises that Exist

Welcome to the Coaching Techniques Encyclopedia, the ultimate resource for coaches and therapists seeking to enhance their practice and expand their toolkit.

Presented by Life Coach Code, our mission is to provide a comprehensive list of coaching techniques, practices, tools, and therapy exercises that exist in the world of self improvement.

As the coaching profession continues to evolve, it is crucial for practitioners to stay updated and equipped with a diverse range of techniques to best serve their clients.

In this encyclopedia you will discover an extensive list of coaching techniques from various disciplines, each with its own unique approach and application. From well established methodologies to emerging trends, we aim to cover a wide array of tools that have proven effective in empowering individuals, fostering personal development, and achieving transformative outcomes.

Our team of experts has meticulously curated this collection, ensuring that each technique is explained in a concise and accessible manner.

Each technique has a short description, aim (what it is used for), and a step by step HOW TO guide so you can learn how to implement it in your coaching. You will find valuable insights and easy to understand instructions to implement these techniques in your own practice.

Whether you are a seasoned coach or just starting your journey, this coaching encyclopedia is designed to be your go to reference, offering a wealth of knowledge to support your professional growth.

From cognitive based therapies and mindfulness practices to hypnotherapy and behavior modification strategies, we cover every possible coaching approach that exists. We continuously update the encyclopedia with the latest practices and cutting edge innovations in the coaching industry.

We invite you to explore the Coaching Techniques Encyclopedia and embark on a transformative voyage of knowledge. Discover new practices, expand your skills, and unlock the potential to become an even more effective and impactful coach or therapist.

Coaching Techniques Encyclopedia:

Coaching Techniques Encyclopedia | Life Coach Code

Active Listening:

A communication technique where the listener fully focuses on and understands the speaker, promoting empathy and understanding.

Step 1. Set aside distractions and give your full attention to the speaker.
Step 2. Maintain eye contact and use non-verbal cues to show interest and engagement.
Step 3. Listen without interrupting, allowing the speaker to express themselves fully.
Step 4. Reflect back what you’ve heard by paraphrasing and summarizing their words.
Step 5. Ask open-ended questions to clarify understanding and encourage further exploration.
Step 6. Practice empathy by acknowledging and validating the speaker’s emotions and experiences.

Example Conversation:

Client: “Coach, I’ve been feeling really overwhelmed lately with work and personal commitments. Can I talk to you about it?”

Coach: “Of course, I’m here to listen. Let’s have a coaching session. Please go ahead and share what’s been going on. (Maintains eye contact and uses non-verbal cues such as nodding and leaning forward to show interest and engagement.)”

Client: “Well, it feels like everything is piling up, and I can’t seem to find a balance between work and personal life. It’s starting to affect my sleep and overall well-being.”

Coach: “(Reflects back what they’ve heard.) It sounds like you’re feeling overwhelmed with the various responsibilities and struggling to find a healthy balance. The stress is impacting your sleep and overall well-being. Did I understand that correctly?”

Client: “Yes, exactly. It’s been really tough to manage everything lately.”

Coach: “(Asks an open-ended question to clarify further.) Could you tell me more about the specific areas or tasks that are causing the most stress and difficulty in finding balance?”

Client: “Well, work demands have increased, and I find it hard to say no to additional projects. Plus, I’ve been neglecting my self-care routines, which used to help me recharge.”

Coach: “(Practices empathy.) It sounds like you’re dealing with a lot of pressure at work and struggling to prioritize self-care. I can understand how that can leave you feeling overwhelmed and off-balance. It’s important to acknowledge the impact this is having on your well-being.”

Client: “Yes, it’s been challenging to navigate all of this. I appreciate you listening and understanding.”


Positive statements used to challenge and overcome negative thoughts, improving self-esteem and self-belief.

Step 1. Identify areas where your client wants to challenge negative thoughts or beliefs.

Start by engaging in open and non-judgmental conversation with your client to explore areas where they struggle with negative thoughts or beliefs.

Negative thought: “I’m not skilled enough to succeed in my career.”

Step 2. Collaborate to create positive statements that counteract negative thoughts or beliefs.

Work together with your client to create personalized positive affirmations that directly challenge the negative thoughts or beliefs identified.

Positive affirmation: “I am capable and talented in my field, and my skills continue to grow each day.”

Step 3. Encourage regular repetition of affirmations, preferably in front of a mirror or in writing. Alternatively, they can write the affirmations in a journal or on sticky notes that can be placed in visible areas as reminders. Consistency and repetition are key to reinforcing positive beliefs.
Step 4. Foster belief in the truth and power of the affirmations.
Step 5. Cultivate self-compassion and patience throughout the process. Encourage them to be kind and gentle with themselves, acknowledging that progress may come gradually. Remind them that setbacks and doubts are natural, and the journey of replacing negative self-talk with positive affirmations is a process.

Art Therapy:

Using artistic expression to explore emotions, reduce stress, and enhance self-awareness.

Step 1. Choose a form of artistic expression that resonates with your client, such as painting, drawing, or sculpting.
Step 2. Set aside dedicated time and create a safe and comfortable space for art-making.
Step 3. Allow your client to freely explore and express your emotions and thoughts through the chosen art medium.
Step 4. Reflect on together with your client on their artwork and notice any symbols, themes, or feelings that emerge.
Step 5. Discuss and process their artwork with them or encourage them to use self-reflection to gain insights and promote healing.

Behavior Modeling:

Observing and imitating desired behaviors to develop new skills and improve performance.

Step 1. Identify with your client a person or role model who exhibits the behavior they want to learn or improve.
Step 2. Observe their actions and pay attention to the specific behaviors that they would like to emulate.
Step 3. Break down the observed behavior into smaller, manageable steps.
Step 4. Practice imitating those behaviors in a safe and supportive environment.
Step 5. Make adjustments as needed.
Step 6. Encourage them to continuously practice and reinforce the desired behavior until it becomes more natural and automatic.

Body Scan:

A mindfulness practice involving systematically bringing attention to different parts of the body, promoting relaxation and self-awareness.

Step 1. Find a quiet and comfortable space where your client can lie down or sit comfortably, and start guiding them with the following…
Step 2. Close your eyes and bring your attention to your breath, allowing yourself to relax.
Step 3. Begin scanning your body from head to toe, noticing any sensations, tension, or areas of discomfort. (Give them time to go through each body part)
Step 4. As you come across areas of tension or discomfort, consciously relax those muscles and release any tightness.
Step 5. Continue scanning and bringing awareness to each part of your body, maintaining a relaxed and non-judgmental presence.
Step 6. Take your time and conclude the body scan with a few deep breaths, feeling a sense of relaxation and connection to your body.

Boundary Setting:

Establishing and maintaining personal limits and communicating them to others to ensure healthy boundaries and emotional well-being.

Step 1. Reflect on the needs, values, and personal limits to identify what boundaries are important to your client.
Step 2. Together, clearly define the boundaries in terms of specific behaviors, actions, or expectations.

Example: Let’s say the client has a need to feel respected and not be interrupted while they speak.

“Coach: Let’s work together to clearly define the boundary you want to establish. Based on your need to feel respected and not interrupted, how would you like others to behave? For example, would you like them to wait until you have finished speaking before interjecting?
Client: I would like others to refrain from interrupting me while I’m speaking and wait for their turn to talk.”

Step 3. Practice how to communicate the boundaries assertively and respectfully to others, using “I” statements and expressing the needs.

Example: “Coach: Let’s practice how you can communicate your need to be respected and not interrupted. You can say something like, “I feel disrespected when you interrupt me while I’m speaking. It’s important to me to be able to express myself fully before others contribute to the conversation.””

Step 4. Practice reinforcing the boundaries by choosing consequences and consistently enforcing consequences when they are crossed.

Example: “Coach: Boundaries are only effective when they are consistently enforced. Think about what consequences you can put in place if someone crosses this boundary. It could be something like redirecting the conversation back to your point or calmly reminding the person about your boundary.
Client: If someone interrupts me, I will politely remind them that I would appreciate it if they could wait until I have finished speaking.”

Step 5. Encourage your client to practice self-care and self-compassion as they prioritize and maintain your boundaries.
Step 6. Seek feedback and if needed, help them navigate challenging boundary situations.

Breathing Exercises:

Techniques such as deep breathing or box breathing to regulate emotions, reduce stress, and increase focus.

Step 1. Encourage your client to find a comfortable position, either sitting or lying down, and tell them to close their eyes. Start instructing them the following…
Step 2. Bring your attention to your breath, noticing the sensation of inhaling and exhaling.
Step 3. Take slow, deep breaths, inhaling through your nose and exhaling through your mouth.
Step 4. Try different techniques like diaphragmatic breathing or box breathing, where you inhale, hold, exhale, and hold for equal counts. Continue your instructions depending on the chosen breathing technique version.
Step 5. Make sure to keep them focused on the rhythm and flow of their breath, allowing it to calm their body and mind.
Step 6. Encourage them to practice breathing exercises regularly to develop a greater sense of relaxation and stress reduction.

Career Assessment:

Evaluating skills, interests, and values to determine suitable career paths and make informed decisions.

Step 1. Reflect together with your client on their interests, values, strengths, and skills.
Step 2. Research various career options that align with their reflections and goals.
Step 3. Give them career assessment tests, or personality tests like the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) to gain further insights into their personality traits and preferences.
Step 4. Encourage them to seek informational interviews or shadow professionals in fields of interest to gather firsthand information.
Step 5. Discuss and analyze the gathered information.
Step 6. Evaluate and compare the potential career paths, considering factors such as job prospects, work-life balance, and personal fulfillment.
Step 7. Help them make an informed decision based on the assessment results, self-reflection, and professional guidance.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT):

Step 1. Identify and become aware of negative thoughts or beliefs that contribute to distressing emotions or unhelpful behaviors.
Step 2. Challenge those thoughts by examining evidence, considering alternative perspectives, and questioning their accuracy.
Step 3. Replace negative thoughts with more realistic, balanced, and positive thoughts.
Step 4. Practice new ways of thinking by intentionally adopting and reinforcing the positive thoughts and beliefs.
Step 5. Engage in behavioral experiments to test the validity of negative thoughts and develop new coping strategies.

  1. Identify a specific negative thought or belief that you want to test. For example, a belief that says “I always fail at everything I do.”
  2. Choose a behavioral experiment that allows you to gather evidence and challenge that belief. It could involve trying a new activity or setting a small goal related to your belief. For example, if you believe you always fail, you could set a goal to complete a small task successfully.
  3. Carry out the experiment and pay close attention to the results. Notice any evidence that supports or contradicts your negative thought. Keep track of your experiences, thoughts, and emotions during the experiment.
  4. Analyze the results objectively. Look at the evidence you gathered during the experiment. Is there any evidence that challenges your negative belief? Are there instances where you succeeded or things turned out differently than you expected?
  5. Based on the results, develop new coping strategies or more balanced thoughts. If the experiment provided evidence that contradicts your negative belief, use that as an opportunity to develop a more balanced and realistic perspective. For example, you might acknowledge that while you may have experienced failures in the past, it doesn’t mean you will always fail in the future. Use this new perspective to develop coping strategies and more positive self-talk.
  6. Repeat the process as needed. Engage in additional behavioral experiments to continue testing and challenging negative thoughts and developing healthier coping strategies.

Step 6. Encourage your client to continuously monitor and evaluate your thoughts, emotions, and behaviors to identify patterns and make necessary adjustments.

Most Common Cognitive Distortions According to CBT:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) identifies several common cognitive fallacies, also known as cognitive distortions or thinking errors. These fallacies can lead to negative thinking patterns and emotional distress. As a coach, your job is to recognize these distortions in your client’s thinking through conversation.

Here are some of the most common cognitive fallacies along with brief descriptions and examples:

  1. All-or-Nothing Thinking: Seeing things in black-and-white terms without considering shades of gray or middle ground. For example, believing that if you’re not perfect, then you’re a failure.
  2. Overgeneralization: Making broad, sweeping conclusions based on a single event or piece of evidence. For instance, if you make a mistake at work, you might think, “I always mess up everything.” In the example above we have this exact mental distortion.
  3. Mental Filter: Focusing exclusively on negative aspects while ignoring positive ones. Imagine receiving several compliments and one criticism, but you only remember and dwell on the criticism.
  4. Discounting the Positive: Minimizing or dismissing positive experiences or qualities. For instance, if someone praises your work, you might think, “They’re just being nice; it’s not that good.”
  5. Jumping to Conclusions: Drawing negative conclusions without sufficient evidence. This can manifest as mind-reading (assuming you know what others are thinking) or fortune-telling (predicting negative outcomes without factual basis).
  6. Catastrophizing: Magnifying or exaggerating the significance or potential consequences of an event. For example, thinking that a small mistake will lead to a catastrophic failure.
  7. Emotional Reasoning: Believing that your emotions reflect objective reality. For instance, feeling anxious about an upcoming presentation and concluding, “I must be terrible at public speaking.”
  8. Personalization: Assuming responsibility for negative events or situations that are beyond your control. For example, thinking, “My friend is upset; it must be because of something I said.”
  9. Should Statements: Holding rigid, unrealistic expectations about yourself or others. For instance, thinking, “I should always be productive; taking breaks is lazy.”
  10. Labeling: Applying negative labels or harsh judgments to oneself or others based on a single behavior or trait. For example, after making a mistake, thinking, “I’m a complete failure.”

These cognitive fallacies can lead to distorted thinking patterns, negative emotions, and unhelpful behaviors. By identifying and challenging these fallacies, individuals can gain more realistic perspectives, develop healthier thinking habits, and improve their overall well-being.

Conflict Resolution:

Techniques for managing and resolving conflicts in a constructive and mutually beneficial manner.

Step 1. Help your client to approach the conflict with an open and empathetic mindset, aiming to understand the other person’s perspective.
Step 2. Together with your client, help them identify and clarify the underlying issues or concerns causing the conflict.
Step 3. Help your client practice how to engage in active and respectful communication, expressing their thoughts and feelings clearly and listening actively to the other person.
Step 4. Seek common ground and explore potential solutions or compromises that address the needs of all parties involved.
Step 5. As an exercise, put yourself in the partner’s position and do a role play with your client to negotiate and find mutually acceptable agreements, considering the long-term implications and consequences.
Step 6. Ask for feedback and keep your client accountable. Follow up on the resolution, checking in with them and making adjustments if necessary to maintain a positive and healthy relationship.

Creative Visualization:

Creating vivid mental images to enhance motivation, improve performance, and achieve desired goals.

Step 1. Create a calm and quiet environment conducive to relaxation.
Step 2. Guide the client to close their eyes and take a few deep, calming breaths.
Step 3. Instruct the client to imagine a specific goal or desired outcome in vivid detail, using all their senses.

Example: “Take a moment to close your eyes and envision a specific goal or desired outcome that you would like to achieve. Make it as clear and detailed as possible. Imagine yourself in that future moment, fully immersed in the experience. What do you see, hear, feel, taste, and smell? Allow the image to become as vivid and real as you can.”

Step 4. Encourage the client to mentally experience the emotions associated with achieving the goal.

Example: “As you visualize yourself accomplishing this goal, I want you to tap into the emotions that arise within you. What does it feel like to have achieved this outcome? Is it joy, relief, pride, or a sense of fulfillment? Connect deeply with these positive emotions and let them permeate your entire being.”

Step 5. Support the client in visualizing themselves taking the necessary actions and making progress towards their goal.

Example: “Now, imagine yourself taking the necessary steps and actions that will lead you closer to your goal. Visualize the small but meaningful actions you need to take each day. Picture yourself overcoming obstacles, staying focused, and making progress. See yourself growing, learning, and adapting along the way.”

Step 6. Prompt the client to maintain focus and belief in their ability to achieve the desired outcome.

Example: “Throughout this visualization, I want you to hold onto a strong belief in your ability to achieve this goal. Embrace a mindset of confidence and self-assurance. Remind yourself of your strengths, skills, and past successes. Cultivate a sense of unwavering determination and resilience, knowing that you have what it takes to make this vision a reality.”

Step 7. Gradually guide the client back to the present moment, helping them ground themselves in the here and now.

Example: “Slowly begin to bring your awareness back to the present moment. Wiggle your fingers and toes, take a deep breath, and gently open your eyes. Take a moment to notice your surroundings and reorient yourself to the present reality. Allow yourself to carry the motivation, inspiration, and belief you gained from this visualization into your current actions and choices.”

Step 8. After the visualization exercise, engage in a discussion to explore the client’s experience and insights gained.
Step 9. Encourage the client to integrate the positive emotions and motivation from the visualization into their daily life, taking concrete steps towards their goal.

Decision-Making Matrix:

A tool for evaluating options based on criteria and priorities, aiding in effective decision-making.

Step 1. Help the client identify the decision they need to make.
Step 2. Collaborate with the client to establish relevant criteria for evaluating the options.
Step 3. Assist the client in assigning weights or priorities to each criterion based on their values and preferences.
Step 4. Present the client with the available options and guide them in assessing how well each option meets the criteria. Let’s say one criterion is job satisfaction. You can ask the client to rate how well each option aligns with their desired level of job satisfaction on a scale of 1 to 10. Encourage them to reflect on their values, interests, and long-term goals when assessing each option.
Step 5. Encourage the client to rate or rank each option based on the evaluation.
Step 6. Facilitate a discussion to help the client analyze the results and identify the option(s) that align best with their criteria and priorities.
Step 7. Support the client in considering additional factors, such as intuition or gut feelings, to make a final decision.
Step 8. Assist the client in creating an action plan to implement their decision and evaluate its effectiveness over time.
Step 9. Offer ongoing support and encouragement as the client navigates the outcomes of their decision.

Dream Analysis:

Exploring the symbolism and meaning behind dreams to gain insights into unconscious thoughts and emotions.

Step 1. Create a safe and comfortable space for the client to share their dreams.
Step 2. Encourage the client to recall and describe their dream in as much detail as possible.
Step 3. Help the client identify key symbols, themes, or emotions present in the dream. Here is how to identify the symbols in dreams:

  1. Contextual Understanding: Consider the context of the dream and your current life circumstances. Look for connections between the symbols and themes in the dream and the events, relationships, or emotions in your waking life.
  2. Personal Associations: Reflect on your personal associations with the symbols in the dream. Pay attention to the thoughts, memories, or feelings that the symbols evoke. Your personal history and experiences can provide valuable insights into the meaning behind the symbols.
  3. Emotional Resonance: Take note of the emotions you experienced during the dream and upon waking up. Emotions are key indicators of the significance of the symbols and can offer clues about the unresolved emotions or conflicts within you.
  4. Universal Symbolism: While dream symbols can be highly personal, some symbols have universal meanings or archetypal associations. Familiarize yourself with common symbol interpretations from psychology, mythology, and cultural references.
  5. Symbolic Patterns: Look for recurring symbols or themes that appear across multiple dreams. Pay attention to symbols that frequently appear together or in different variations. These patterns can provide deeper insights into persistent issues, desires, or conflicts. Keep in mind that dream symbols often reflect the unconscious desires, fears, and aspirations. Explore how the symbols in your client’s dreams relate to their personal growth journey and the potential for transformation and self-discovery.

Examples of Universal Symbols:

  1. Water is a common symbol representing emotions, the unconscious mind, and the flow of life. Calm and clear water may signify tranquility and emotional balance, while turbulent or murky water could indicate emotional turmoil or uncertainty.
  2. Flying in dreams often represents freedom, liberation, and a sense of transcendence. It can symbolize the ability to rise above challenges or gain a new perspective on a situation.
  3. Falling in dreams can symbolize a loss of control, insecurity, or a fear of failure. It may also reflect a sense of vulnerability or a need for grounding and stability in waking life.
  4. Houses or buildings in dreams often represent different aspects of the self or the different areas of life. Exploring the rooms or levels within a house can provide insights into various aspects of your personality, emotions, or relationships.
  5. Animals in dreams often carry symbolic meanings. For example, a lion can represent courage and strength, while a snake might symbolize transformation or hidden fears. The specific characteristics and behaviors of the animal can offer further insights.
  6. Dreams about death or endings rarely signify literal death. Instead, they symbolize transitions, letting go, or the need for change and transformation. These dreams often suggest the completion of a phase and the beginning of something new.
  7. Teeth in dreams can symbolize communication, self-expression, or personal power. Dreams about losing teeth may indicate a fear of losing one’s voice or feeling powerless, while dreams about strong and healthy teeth might represent confidence and assertiveness.
  8. Vehicles, such as cars, trains, or planes, often symbolize the journey or path of life. They represent the direction and pace of your life’s journey, as well as your control or lack thereof over it.
  9. Bridges commonly symbolize transitions, connections, and opportunities. They represent a passage from one phase of life to another, crossing over obstacles or making a connection between different aspects of yourself or situations.

Step 4. Facilitate a discussion to explore the possible meanings and interpretations of these elements. Usually the emotions the client experienced while dreaming linked with the symbols they have been dreaming about will reveal the message of the subconscious mind. Encourage the client to consider any intuitive insights or messages they may derive from the dream.
Step 5. Support the client in exploring the potential connections between the dream and their waking life experiences or emotions. Guide the client to reflect on any personal associations they have with the dream symbols and themes.
Step 6. Collaborate with the client to brainstorm actions or changes they might consider based on the dream analysis. Assist the client in integrating these insights into their personal growth journey and daily life.

Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT):

Tapping on specific energy meridian points to release emotional distress and promote emotional well-being.

Step 1. Build a safe and trusting therapeutic relationship with the client.
Step 2. Educate the client about the basic principles and techniques of EFT, including the tapping points and the setup statement.

EFT Points
  1. Explain the concept of energy meridians: Start by explaining that EFT is based on the idea that our bodies have a system of energy meridians. These meridians are pathways through which vital energy flows, and disruptions or imbalances in this energy can lead to emotional and physical discomfort.
  2. Introduce the tapping points: Describe the main tapping points used in EFT, including the top of the head, eyebrow, side of the eye, under the eye, under the nose, chin, collarbone, under the arm, and the karate chop point on the side of the hand. Explain that by tapping on these points, they can stimulate the flow of energy and alleviate emotional distress.
  3. Discuss the setup statement: Explain the concept of the setup statement, which is an essential part of EFT. The setup statement is a verbal affirmation that acknowledges the issue or problem being addressed while affirming self-acceptance. For example, a setup statement for dealing with anxiety could be: “Even though I feel anxious about [specific situation], I deeply and completely accept myself.”
  4. Highlight the importance of specificity: Emphasize that it is crucial to be specific when formulating the setup statement and addressing emotions or issues during the tapping process. Encourage the client to be clear and precise about the emotions or experiences they want to work on.
  5. Address any concerns or misconceptions: Give the client an opportunity to ask questions or express any concerns they may have about EFT. Address any misconceptions or myths that they may have encountered, ensuring they feel comfortable and informed about the technique.
  6. Offer examples and demonstrations: Provide examples or demonstrations of how EFT can be used for common issues such as stress, anxiety, or phobias. This can help the client better understand how to apply EFT in their own lives.

How to Tap Tutorial:

Step 3. Help the client identify the specific emotional issue or distress they wish to address
Step 4. Guide the client to rate the intensity of their emotional distress on a scale of 0 to 10.
Step 5. Lead the client through a series of tapping rounds, starting with the setup statement that acknowledges the issue and affirms self-acceptance.
Step 6. Instruct the client to tap on the specific acupressure points while verbalizing their emotions, thoughts, or memories associated with the issue.
Step 7. Encourage the client to continue tapping and verbalizing until the intensity of their emotional distress significantly decreases.
Step 8. Regularly check in with the client to assess the progress and any shifts in their emotional state.
Step 9. Offer support and guidance to the client as they continue practicing EFT on their own outside of therapy sessions.

Empathy Building:

Practicing understanding and relating to others’ experiences to improve communication and build stronger relationships.

Step 1. Create a safe and non-judgmental space for the client to share their experiences.
Step 2. Practice active and attentive listening, giving the client your full presence and attention.
Step 3. Reflect back the client’s feelings and thoughts to demonstrate understanding and validate their experiences.

Example: “Client: I’ve been feeling really overwhelmed lately with work and family responsibilities.
Coach: It sounds like you’ve been carrying a lot on your plate…”

Step 4. Encourage the client to explore deeper emotions or underlying issues by asking open-ended questions.

Example: “Coach: …Can you tell me more about what’s been going on and how it’s been affecting you?
Client: I just feel like there’s never enough time in the day to get everything done. I’m constantly juggling between work tasks and taking care of my family’s needs.”

Step 5. Help the client gain perspective by inviting them to consider alternative viewpoints or imagine themselves in someone else’s shoes.

Example: “Coach: It sounds like you’re carrying a heavy load with work and family responsibilities. I wonder if there might be any alternative ways of looking at this situation. How do you think someone else in a similar position might see it?
Client: I guess someone else might see it as a normal part of life and accept the challenges without feeling overwhelmed.”

Step 6. Share your own empathetic responses, experiences, or similar situations when appropriate and beneficial for the client.

Example: “Coach: It sounds incredibly demanding, and I can understand how that could be overwhelming. I remember going through a similar situation a few years ago when I had a lot on my plate both at work and at home.
Client: Really? How did you manage to handle it all?
Coach: Well, it was definitely a challenge, but I found that prioritizing tasks and setting boundaries helped. It also required reaching out for support from my family and colleagues. Would you like to explore some strategies that might be helpful in your situation?”

Step 7. Collaboratively explore strategies for improving empathy in their personal relationships or interactions.
Step 8. Provide ongoing support and guidance as the client continues to develop their empathetic skills.
Step 9. Foster an environment of empathy and understanding in the therapeutic relationship to model healthy relational dynamics.

Goal Setting (S.M.A.R.T. Goals):

Establishing goals that are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound for greater effectiveness to guide personal growth and achievement.

Step 1. Establish a collaborative and supportive coaching relationship with the client.
Step 2. Encourage the client to reflect on their values, aspirations, and areas of desired growth or change.
Step 3. Help the client identify specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals. For example, “I will lose 10 pounds in the next three months.”

  1. Specific: The goal clearly states what it needs to be achieved.
  2. Measurable: The goal of losing 10 pounds can be objectively measured using a scale to track weight loss progress.
  3. Achievable: Losing 10 pounds in three months is considered achievable and realistic, as it averages to about 1-2 pounds of weight loss per week, which is a healthy and sustainable rate.
  4. Relevant: This goal is relevant to the individual’s desire to improve their overall health and well-being.
  5. Time-bound: The goal has a specific timeframe of three months, providing a clear deadline for achieving the desired weight loss.

Step 4. Assist the client in breaking down their long-term goals into smaller, manageable steps or milestones.
Step 5. Guide the client in creating an action plan that outlines the specific tasks or actions required to achieve each step or milestone.
Step 6. Support the client in setting realistic timelines and prioritizing tasks to ensure progress towards their goals.
Step 7. Regularly review and assess the client’s progress, providing feedback and encouragement.
Step 8. Help the client identify and address any barriers or obstacles that may hinder their goal attainment.
Step 9. Celebrate the client’s achievements and adjust the goals and action plan as necessary to adapt to changing circumstances.

Gratitude Journaling:

Writing down things one is grateful for to cultivate a positive mindset and enhance well-being.

Step 1. Encourage the client to set aside dedicated time for gratitude journaling, preferably at the beginning or end of the day.
Step 2. Provide the client with a journal or notebook specifically for gratitude journaling.
Step 3. Guide the client to reflect on their day or specific experiences and identify things they are grateful for.
Step 4. Instruct the client to write down at least three things they feel grateful for, using specific and descriptive language.
Step 5. Encourage the client to reflect on the reasons why they are grateful for each item on their list.
Step 6. Support the client in expressing genuine appreciation and cultivating a positive mindset as they write.
Step 7. Encourage the client to engage their senses and vividly imagine the experience associated with each item on their gratitude list.
Step 8. Prompt the client to review their gratitude journal periodically to reinforce positive emotions and reflect on their progress.
Step 9. Discuss with the client the impact of gratitude journaling on their overall well-being and explore ways to integrate gratitude into their daily life.

Guided Imagery:

Using descriptive narratives to evoke specific sensory experiences and facilitate relaxation or problem-solving.

Step 1. Create a calm and relaxing environment for the client, ensuring minimal distractions.
Step 2. Guide the client to find a comfortable position and close their eyes.
Step 3. Begin by leading the client through a relaxation exercise, instructing them to focus on their breathing and release tension from their body.

Example: “Take a moment to find a comfortable position, either sitting or lying down. Close your eyes and start by taking a deep breath in, filling your lungs with fresh air. As you exhale, imagine releasing any tension or stress from your body. Allow your breath to become calm and steady, bringing a sense of relaxation and peace with each inhale and exhale. Continue to breathe in this rhythm, letting go of any physical or mental tension with each breath out. Feel your body becoming more and more relaxed with each passing moment, as if all the stress is melting away.”

Step 4. Introduce a specific scenario or visualization that aligns with the client’s goals or therapeutic needs.

Example: “Now, I want you to imagine yourself in a peaceful garden. Picture yourself surrounded by vibrant flowers, lush greenery, and the soothing sound of a gentle breeze rustling through the leaves. This garden represents a place of tranquility and inner peace. It is your safe space, where you can freely explore and work towards your goals. As you visualize this garden, allow yourself to feel a sense of calm and serenity, knowing that you are in a nurturing environment that supports your growth and well-being.”

Step 5. Use descriptive language to guide the client through the sensory experience of the scenario, including sights, sounds, smells, textures, and emotions.

Example: “Take a moment to notice the vivid colors of the flowers around you. See the vibrant reds, blues, and yellows, each petal radiating with beauty. As you walk through the garden, feel the softness of the grass beneath your feet and the warmth of the sunlight on your skin. Listen to the gentle chirping of birds in the distance, creating a harmonious melody. Inhale deeply and savor the fragrant scent of the flowers, allowing their sweet aroma to uplift your spirit. Feel the peace and serenity that encircles you.”

Step 6. Allow the client time to immerse themselves in the guided imagery, encouraging them to engage their imagination fully.
Step 7. Gradually bring the client back to the present moment, guiding them to transition from the visualization back to their physical surroundings.

Example: “With each breath, allow yourself to become more aware of your body and the space around you. Notice the support of the surface beneath you, whether it’s the chair or the bed. Feel the weight of your body grounding you in the present. Wiggle your fingers and toes, bringing a sense of awakening and aliveness. Allow any remaining tension or relaxation to naturally dissipate as you reorient yourself to the present moment. When you’re ready, gently open your eyes and take a moment to adjust to the light in the room.”

Step 8. Reflect on the client’s experience during the guided imagery, discussing any insights, emotions, or shifts they may have experienced.
Step 9. Collaboratively explore strategies for integrating the insights or the sense of relaxation from the guided imagery into the client’s daily life.

Holistic Wellness Assessment:

Evaluating various dimensions of well-being (physical, mental, spiritual, emotional, financial or social) to identify areas for improvement and develop a balanced approach to self-care.

Step 1. Collaborate with the client to identify the various dimensions of wellness they want to assess, such as physical, mental, spiritual, emotional, social or financial well-being.
Step 2. Discuss with the client their current state in each dimension, exploring their strengths, challenges, and areas for improvement.
Step 3. Use assessment tools or questionnaires to gather more specific information about the client’s well-being in each dimension, if applicable.
Step 4. Analyze the assessment results together with the client, identifying patterns, imbalances, or areas that require attention or growth.
Step 5. Discuss the client’s personal goals and priorities in relation to each dimension of wellness.
Step 6. Assist the client in creating a holistic wellness plan that includes specific actions or strategies to enhance well-being in each dimension.
Step 7. Collaboratively establish realistic timelines and prioritize the actions or strategies based on the client’s preferences and resources.
Step 8. Support the client in implementing their wellness plan, providing guidance, accountability, and encouragement.
Step 9. Regularly review and reassess the client’s progress, adjusting the plan as needed to accommodate changes or new goals.


Using hypnosis to access the subconscious mind and address a wide range of issues, such as phobias, habits, and anxiety or program the subconscious mind to reach specific goals.

Step 1. Build trust and rapport with the client, ensuring they feel safe and comfortable.
Step 2. Educate the client about the nature of hypnotherapy, dispelling any misconceptions or concerns they may have.

  1. Define hypnotherapy: Begin by explaining that hypnotherapy is a therapeutic approach that uses hypnosis to access the subconscious mind and facilitate positive changes. Clarify that it is a safe and natural state of focused attention, similar to daydreaming or being engrossed in a book or movie.
  2. Explain the role of the subconscious mind: Discuss how the subconscious mind is responsible for our automatic thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Emphasize that hypnotherapy aims to work with the subconscious mind to identify and address underlying issues or patterns that may be contributing to challenges or limitations in their life.
  3. Address misconceptions: Identify common misconceptions about hypnotherapy, such as the belief that the therapist can control or manipulate the client’s mind, or that they will lose control or consciousness during the session. Dispel these misconceptions by explaining that hypnotherapy is a collaborative process where the client remains fully aware, in control, and actively engaged throughout the session.
  4. Highlight the client’s role: Emphasize that the client plays an active role in the hypnotherapy process. Explain that they are guided into a relaxed state, and their subconscious mind becomes more receptive to positive suggestions and therapeutic interventions. Reinforce that the client’s own motivations, goals, and willingness to engage in the process are crucial for successful outcomes.
  5. Discuss the benefits of hypnotherapy: Share examples of how hypnotherapy can be beneficial, such as overcoming phobias, reducing stress and anxiety, improving habits or behaviors, enhancing self-confidence, or managing pain. Highlight that hypnotherapy can be used for a wide range of issues and is an evidence-based approach endorsed by professional associations.
  6. Address concerns: Provide a space for the client to express any concerns or fears they may have about hypnotherapy. Listen attentively and respond empathetically, addressing their specific concerns and providing reassurance based on their individual needs.
  7. Offer scientific explanations: If appropriate, share scientific research or studies that support the efficacy of hypnotherapy in addressing specific issues. This can help provide the client with additional confidence and evidence-based information.

Step 3. Collaborate with the client to identify the specific issue or concern they wish to address through hypnotherapy.
Step 4. Guide the client to relax and enter a state of deep relaxation, using relaxation techniques such as meditation, progressive muscle relaxation or guided imagery.
Step 5. Induce a hypnotic trance by using suggestions, such as counting down or inviting the client to imagine themselves in a peaceful and calm place.

  1. Utilize suggestions: Use suggestions to facilitate the induction process. For example, you can count down from 10 to 1, suggesting that with each count, the client’s relaxation deepens. This countdown can be accompanied by verbal cues such as “With each number, feel yourself becoming more relaxed and at ease.”
  2. Peaceful imagery: Alternatively, you can invite the client to imagine themselves in a peaceful and calm place. Describe the serene surroundings, guiding them to visualize the details, sounds, and sensations associated with this place. For example, you may say, “Imagine yourself in a beautiful garden. Feel the warmth of the sun on your skin, hear the gentle sound of birds singing, and notice the peacefulness that surrounds you.”
  3. Adapt to individual preferences: Be mindful of individual preferences and tailor the induction process to suit the client’s needs. Some individuals may respond better to visual imagery, while others may be more receptive to auditory cues. Pay attention to their responses and adjust accordingly.
  4. Allow time for the induction to take effect: Give the client ample time to sink into the relaxed state and fully experience the hypnotic trance. Be patient and allow them to find their own rhythm and level of relaxation. Give 10 to 20 minutes appriximately, but keep in mind that each person is different, some people might need more time so design the induction process accordingly.
  5. Monitor the client’s state: Observe the client’s responses during the induction process. Look for signs of relaxation, such as slowed breathing, muscle relaxation, or facial calmness. Pay attention to any subtle shifts in their body language or facial expressions.
  6. Transition to the therapeutic phase: Once the client is in a hypnotic trance, you can begin the therapeutic phase of the session. This may involve delivering therapeutic suggestions, exploring subconscious beliefs, or guiding them through imagery exercises to address their specific goals or concerns.

Step 6. Once in a trance state, provide therapeutic suggestions that target the client’s specific goals or issues, using language that supports positive change and well-being.

Example: “Now that you’re in a relaxed and receptive state, I want to guide your subconscious mind towards the positive changes you desire. Imagine yourself feeling confident and self-assured in social situations. See yourself engaging in conversations with ease, expressing your thoughts and opinions with clarity and conviction. Feel the warmth and acceptance from others as they respond positively to your authentic self. Allow these suggestions to take root in your subconscious mind, empowering you to make choices that align with your goals and values. Feel a surge of motivation and inspiration as you tap into your inner resources and unleash your full potential. Trust in yourself and your ability to create positive change in your life. With each passing day, notice how these suggestions become ingrained in your thoughts, feelings, and actions. Embrace the power of your subconscious mind as it continues to support your journey towards personal growth, happiness, and fulfillment.”

Step 7. Monitor the client’s responses and adjust the therapeutic suggestions accordingly, tailoring the session to their individual needs.
Step 8. Gradually guide the client out of the trance state, ensuring they feel grounded and alert.

Example: “When you’re ready, you can gently return to full awareness, carrying with you the positive energy and insights gained from this trance experience. I will count from 1 to 10 and with each number you will get more and more awake and grounded in the present moment…”

Step 9. Reflect on the client’s experiences during the session, exploring any insights, emotions, or shifts that occurred. Collaboratively develop strategies to integrate these changes into their daily life.

Classic Journaling:

Writing thoughts, feelings, and experiences in a journal to promote self-reflection, emotional processing, and personal growth.

Step 1. Encourage the client to set aside dedicated time and find a quiet, comfortable space for journaling.
Step 2. Ask the client to write freely without judgment, allowing their thoughts, feelings, and experiences to flow onto the pages.

Example: “I recommend that you dedicate 15 minutes each day to journaling. Find a quiet spot where you can be alone with your thoughts and feelings. Start by writing about your day, any challenges or successes you experienced, and how you felt emotionally. You can also explore specific topics or questions that are on your mind. Remember, there are no right or wrong answers. Just let your thoughts flow onto the paper and embrace the process of self-discovery.”

Step 3. Emphasize the importance of self-reflection and exploration. Encourage the client to delve deeper into their emotions, challenges, and successes.
Step 4. Suggest prompts or questions to stimulate reflection, such as “What did I accomplish last week?” or “What are my current obstacles and how can I overcome them?”
Step 5. Encourage the client to review their journal entries periodically, noticing patterns, insights, and areas for personal growth.
Step 6. Support the client in identifying action steps based on their reflections and insights, promoting positive change and personal development.

Life Wheel Assessment:

Assessing different life areas (career, relationships, health, etc.) to determine overall satisfaction and identify areas for development.

Step 1. Introduce the concept of the Life Wheel Assessment to the client, explaining that it is a visual tool to evaluate satisfaction and identify areas for development across different life domains.
Step 2. Present the Life Wheel graphic, which consists of various segments representing different life areas such as career, relationships, health, personal growth, and recreation. You can download our free Life Wheel template below.

Free Life Wheel Assessment Template

Step 3. Guide the client to reflect on each life area individually. Ask them to rate their level of satisfaction on a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being extremely dissatisfied and 10 being fully satisfied. Encourage them to be honest and consider both positive and negative aspects.
Step 4. After rating each area, facilitate a discussion to explore the reasons behind the ratings. Ask open-ended questions to gain deeper insights, such as “What contributes to your high or low rating in this area?” or “What changes would you like to see?”
Step 5. Collaboratively identify the areas where the client would like to focus their attention and improvement. Set specific and measurable goals for each identified area, ensuring they align with the client’s values and aspirations.
Step 6. Explore potential strategies and action steps to achieve the identified goals. Encourage the client to brainstorm ideas and consider both short-term and long-term approaches.
Step 7. Help the client develop an action plan that outlines the steps, resources, and timeline for working towards their goals. Encourage accountability and regular progress monitoring.
Step 8. Support the client throughout their journey, providing guidance, feedback, and encouragement. Revisit the Life Wheel assessment periodically to track progress and reassess satisfaction levels in different areas.

Mindfulness Meditation:

Cultivating non-judgmental awareness of the present moment to reduce stress, enhance focus, and improve well-being.

Step 1. Introduce the concept of mindfulness to the client, explaining that it involves non-judgmental awareness of the present moment.
Step 2. Discuss the benefits of mindfulness, such as reducing stress, enhancing focus, improving emotional regulation, and increasing self-awareness.
Step 3. Guide the client to find a quiet and comfortable space where they can engage in mindfulness practice without distractions.
Step 4. Start with a brief body scan exercise to help the client cultivate present-moment awareness. Instruct them to close their eyes, focus on their breath, and gradually bring attention to different parts of their body, noticing any sensations or tensions.
Step 5. Encourage the client to practice mindful breathing regularly. Instruct them to bring their attention to the sensations of each breath, observing the inhales and exhales without judgment.
Step 6. Discuss the role of thoughts during mindfulness practice. Explain that thoughts will arise, but the goal is to observe them without getting caught up in their content. Teach the client to gently bring their attention back to the present moment whenever they become aware of wandering thoughts.
Step 7. Explore different mindfulness techniques with the client, such as mindful eating, mindful walking, or mindful listening. Provide instructions and encourage them to incorporate these practices into their daily life
Step 8. Discuss the importance of self-compassion in mindfulness practice. Encourage the client to approach their experiences with kindness and non-judgment.
Step 9. Recommend additional resources, such as guided mindfulness meditations or mindfulness apps, that the client can utilize to deepen their practice.

Motivational Interviewing:

A client-centered approach to explore and resolve ambivalence, enhancing motivation for positive change.

Step 1. Create a supportive and non-judgmental environment for the client. Establish rapport and trust, emphasizing your role as a facilitator rather than an expert.
Step 2. Begin by exploring the client’s goals and desires. Use open-ended questions to elicit their motivations, values, and aspirations. For example, “What is important to you about making this change?”
Step 3. Elicit the client’s ambivalence by exploring the pros and cons of both maintaining the current behavior and making a change. Reflect their statements and emotions to show understanding and empathy.
Step 4. Practice active listening and empathy throughout the conversation. Use reflective statements to clarify and deepen the client’s understanding of their own thoughts and feelings. For example, “It sounds like you’re torn between wanting to improve your health and feeling apprehensive about the effort it may require.”
Step 5. Collaboratively explore the client’s previous attempts at change, identifying strengths, barriers, and lessons learned. Encourage them to reflect on what has worked for them in the past and what strategies may be worth revisiting.
Step 6. Evoke the client’s own motivations and values by highlighting discrepancies between their goals and their current behavior. Encourage them to consider the impact of their actions on their values and future well-being.
Step 7. Explore and elicit the client’s ideas for change. Ask them what steps they are willing to take and what support or resources they may need to make progress. Help them identify small achievable goals to build momentum.
Step 8. Summarize and affirm the client’s thoughts, feelings, and commitments. Recap their strengths, motivations, and identified strategies for change. Reinforce their autonomy and self-efficacy.
Step 9. Revisit and reassess the client’s goals and progress in subsequent sessions. Continually provide support, encouragement, and accountability to help them maintain their motivation and sustain positive change.

Narrative Therapy:

Examining and reshaping personal narratives to create empowering and positive life stories.

Step 1. Create a safe and respectful space for the client to share their personal stories and experiences. Establish a collaborative and non judgmental relationship based on trust.
Step 2. Begin by exploring the client’s dominant or problem-saturated narrative. Listen actively and reflectively to their stories, identifying recurring themes, negative self-perceptions, and limiting beliefs.

Example: “Client: Well, I’ve always had this nagging feeling that I’m not good enough. It started back in school when I would compare myself to my classmates and feel like I didn’t measure up.
Coach: Thank you for sharing that. It’s interesting that you mention feeling like you didn’t measure up in school. Can you tell me more about other areas in your life where you’ve experienced similar feelings of not being good enough?
Client: Actually, now that you mention it, I realize that I’ve carried this self-doubt into my professional life as well. Whenever I’m assigned a new project or task, I immediately question whether I have the skills or knowledge to handle it…”

Step 3. Externalize the problem by separating it from the client’s identity. Encourage the client to personify the problem, giving it a name or visual representation. For example, “If your self-doubt had a voice, what would it say?”
Step 4. Facilitate the client’s exploration of alternative narratives by identifying exceptions, strengths, and moments of resilience. Help them recognize times when they have exhibited desired qualities or behaviors.

Example: “Coach: Let’s explore alternative narratives that can challenge the dominant negative narrative. Can you think of any examples where inspite of your self-doubt you showed up and successfuly overcame the task at hand?
Client: Well, there was this one time when I successfully completed a challenging project at work. Despite feeling doubtful at first, I managed to overcome obstacles and deliver high-quality results within the given timeframe.
Coach: That’s fantastic! It sounds like that experience showcases your resilience and ability to rise above self-doubt. Can you share more about the qualities or strengths you demonstrated during that project?”

Step 5. Co-create alternative narratives with the client by eliciting their preferred stories and outcomes. Encourage them to imagine and articulate the future they desire, highlighting their strengths, values, and aspirations.

Example: “Coach: What does your preferred story look like?
Client: In my preferred story, I see myself as a confident and successful professional who takes on new challenges with ease. I envision being recognized for my expertise and making a meaningful impact in my field. I want to feel fulfilled and satisfied in my work, knowing that I am making a difference.
Coach: That’s a powerful vision! I can sense your determination and passion for your career. Let’s delve deeper into this preferred story. What specific strengths, values, or aspirations do you want to highlight?
Client: One of my strengths is my ability to communicate effectively and build strong relationships with colleagues and clients.
Coach: How do you see yourself navigating challenges and embracing opportunities?
Client: I see myself approaching challenges with resilience and a growth mindset. Instead of being held back by self-doubt, I will trust in my abilities and seek support when needed.
Coach: That’s fantastic! Your determination, communication skills, and growth mindset will undoubtedly propel you forward. I’m excited to support you on this journey as you bring this alternative narrative to life and turn it into your reality.”

Step 6. Challenge and deconstruct dominant narratives by examining the social and cultural influences that have shaped them. Help the client recognize the power dynamics and external forces that have influenced their self-perception.

Example: “Coach: As we explore your self-perception, it’s important to consider the influences that have shaped it. Can you think of any factors, whether from your upbringing or the society around you, that may have influenced how you see yourself?
Client: Well, growing up, there was always this expectation to excel academically. My parents would compare me to my siblings, and it created a lot of pressure.
Coach: I see. Family dynamics and comparisons can have a significant impact on our self-perception. Can you think of any other societal influences that might have played a role?”

Step 7. Encourage the client to engage in re-authoring their story by actively seeking and amplifying counter-examples and evidence that challenge the problem-saturated narrative. Explore new perspectives, possibilities, and preferred ways of being.
Step 8. Utilize creative interventions and expressive techniques to further explore and externalize the client’s narratives. This can include artwork, writing exercises, or role-playing activities to facilitate new insights and perspectives.
Step 9. Support the client in integrating the alternative narratives into their daily life. Help them develop concrete action plans and strategies to embody their preferred stories and sustain positive change.
Step 10. Regularly evaluate and reflect on the client’s progress and the impact of the new narratives. Celebrate achievements, address setbacks, and adjust the therapeutic approach as needed to ensure continued growth and empowerment.

Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP):

A set of techniques and strategies to reprogram patterns of behavior and communication for personal growth and change.

Step 1. Establish rapport and build trust with the client. Create a safe and supportive environment for exploration and change.
Step 2. Use Active Listening and observation to gather information about the client’s verbal and non-verbal communication patterns, beliefs, and goals.
Step 3. Identify the client’s desired outcomes and goals. Clarify and specify these goals using SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-bound) criteria.
Step 4. Utilize NLP techniques such as reframing, anchoring, and modeling to help the client shift their perception, emotions, and behaviors.

(To practice most NLP techniques it is necessary to go through some type of certified NLP training)

NLP Techniques:

Anchoring: Associating a specific sensory stimulus (e.g., touch, sound, visualization) with a desired state to trigger that state in the future.

Suppose a person wants to boost their confidence. The coach guides them to recall a moment when they felt exceptionally confident, instructing them to squeeze their thumb and middle finger together.

The coach repeats this process several times until squeezing the thumb and middle finger becomes associated with the confident state. Now, whenever the person needs a confidence boost, they can squeeze their thumb and middle finger to trigger that feeling.

Teach the client anchoring techniques to create and access desired emotional states. Help them identify a specific anchor (e.g., touch, word, visualization) associated with a desired state and practice triggering that state at will.

Reframing: Shifting the perspective or meaning of a situation to create new possibilities and promote positive change.

A client feels overwhelmed by a challenging situation at work. The coach helps them reframe it by exploring alternative perspectives.

They might ask questions such as, “What opportunities for growth does this situation present?” or “How can you view this as a learning experience?” By shifting the meaning of the situation, the client begins to see it as an opportunity for personal and professional development.

Use the NLP technique of reframing to help the client reframe limiting beliefs or negative experiences into more empowering and resourceful perspectives. Guide them to see alternative meanings and possibilities.

Modeling: Apply modeling techniques to help the client learn from others who have achieved similar goals.

Encourage the client to select successful individuals who inspire them and have achieved what they aspire to accomplish. Prompt the client to research and learn about their chosen role models’ strategies, behaviors, and mindset. This can be done through reading books, watching interviews, or listening to podcasts.

Guide the client to identify the mindset traits exhibited by their role models that they admire and find valuable for their own goals. Assist the client in extracting actionable lessons from their research and observations. Encourage them to identify specific strategies, practices, or habits that they can apply to their own journey. Help the client adapt the lessons learned to their unique circumstances and goals.

Rapport Building: Establishing a harmonious connection and deep understanding with others through mirroring, pacing, and matching their verbal and nonverbal behavior.

The coach notices the client’s calm and relaxed body language. They subtly mirror the client’s posture, gestures, and vocal tone to establish rapport.

As the conversation progresses, the coach matches the client’s energy level and pace of speech, creating a deep connection and fostering trust.

Swish Pattern: Replacing an undesired behavior or thought with a preferred one by creating a visual and kinesthetic representation of the change.

Let’s say a client wants to overcome a habit of procrastination. The coach guides them through a visualization exercise where they imagine the desired behavior, such as starting a task promptly, while associating it with a vivid image.

The coach then instructs the client to visualize the unwanted behavior, like procrastinating, and swiftly replace it with the desired behavior image, creating a “swish” effect. Encourage them to imagine the desired behavior image expanding rapidly, like a swish or a snap, while simultaneously making the unwanted behavior image shrink and fade away. The transition should be swift and decisive. This helps rewire their subconscious mind to automatically engage in the desired behavior.

Repeat the swish technique several times to strengthen the association between the desired behavior and the replacement image.

Parts Integration: Resolving internal conflicts by acknowledging and integrating conflicting aspects of oneself to achieve alignment and congruence.

The client expresses conflicting feelings about pursuing a career change. The coach guides them to identify and personify the different aspects or “parts” involved. They facilitate a dialogue between these parts to understand their perspectives and find common ground:

Client: “I’m feeling torn about whether to pursue a career change or stick with what I know. Part of me is excited about the possibilities, but another part is worried about taking the risk.”

Coach: “Let’s explore these conflicting feelings further. Take a moment to visualize the part of you that is excited about the career change. Give it a name or imagine it as a separate entity.”

Client: “I’ll call it the Adventurous Self. It’s eager to explore new opportunities and believes in my potential for growth.”

Coach: “Great. Now, let’s identify the part that is worried about taking the risk. What would you name that part?”

Client: “I’ll call it the Safety Seeker. It’s concerned about stability and fears the unknown.”

Coach: “Thank you for introducing the Safety Seeker. Let’s have a dialogue between these two parts. Adventurous Self, what do you want to say to the Safety Seeker?”

Adventurous Self: “I understand your concerns about stability, but I believe taking this career change will lead to personal and professional growth. I am willing to explore new possibilities and take calculated risks.”

Coach: “Safety Seeker, how do you respond to the Adventurous Self?”

Safety Seeker: “I appreciate your enthusiasm, but I worry about the potential risks and uncertainties. Stability is important to me, and I fear making a wrong decision.”

Coach: “Let’s find common ground between these two parts. Adventurous Self, can you reassure the Safety Seeker and address its concerns?”

Adventurous Self: “Safety Seeker, I hear your concerns, and I respect the need for stability. Let’s work together to create a plan that incorporates both growth and security. We can take calculated steps and explore opportunities without compromising our well-being.”

Coach: “Safety Seeker, how do you feel about this response from the Adventurous Self?”

Safety Seeker: “I appreciate the acknowledgment of my concerns. The idea of finding a balance between growth and stability sounds more reassuring. I am open to exploring possibilities while ensuring a sense of security.”

Coach: “Great progress!”

Continue this dialogue between the Adventurous Self and Safety Seeker, allowing them to express their thoughts, concerns, and find common ground. Remember, both parts have valid perspectives, and by understanding and integrating them, you can make an informed decision about your career change.

Through integration, the client achieves a more harmonious alignment of their desires and goals.

Visual or (and) Kinaesthetic Dissociation: Detaching oneself from a negative experience by visualizing it from a dissociated perspective, reducing emotional intensity.

The client recalls a past traumatic experience that triggers intense emotions. The coach guides them to mentally step out of the memory and view it as if watching a movie, reducing the emotional intensity.

By creating distance, the client can process the experience more objectively and detach the negative emotions associated with it.

Meta-Model: Questioning and challenging generalizations, distortions, and deletions in language to gain more precise information and promote clarity.

The client makes a general statement like, “I always fail at everything.” The coach uses meta-model questioning to gain clarity and challenge the generalization. They might ask, “Always? Can you think of any specific instances where you have succeeded?”

By exploring specific details, the coach helps the client recognize the limited nature of their belief.

Milton Model: Utilizing hypnotic language patterns and vague suggestions to bypass the critical mind and evoke positive change at the subconscious level.

For example, the coach uses embedded suggestions and hypnotic language patterns to help the client relax and overcome anxiety. They might say, “As you continue to listen, you may notice a growing sense of calm and tranquility, allowing your mind to open up to new possibilities and insights.”

Timeline Therapy: Exploring and resolving past negative experiences and limiting beliefs by reorganizing one’s perception of time and creating positive change.

The client has unresolved negative emotions associated with a past event. The coach guides them through a visualization exercise, asking them to mentally revisit the memory and observe it from a distance.

They then help the client reframe the event, release negative emotions, and integrate positive resources to create a more empowering narrative.

New Behavior Generator: Creating and practicing new behaviors and responses in different contexts to enhance flexibility and adaptive behaviors.

For example, the coach helps the client develop assertiveness skills. They practice assertive behaviors in various role-play scenarios, such as expressing needs in a professional setting or setting boundaries in personal relationships.

Through repeated practice, the client builds confidence and internalizes the new behaviors.

Six-Step Reframing: Identifying the positive intention behind unwanted behaviors and finding alternative ways to fulfill that intention.

  1. Identify the Unwanted Behavior or Response. Begin by clearly identifying the specific behavior or response that the individual wants to change or improve. This could be a habitual pattern, a negative emotional response, or an unhelpful thought process.
  2. Establish Communication with the Part Responsible. Guide the individual to establish communication with the part of themselves that is responsible for the unwanted behavior or response. This part is often referred to as the “part with a positive intent” or the “part that is trying to protect.”
  3. Elicit the Positive Intent. Encourage the individual to explore and understand the positive intent or purpose behind the unwanted behavior or response. Help them uncover the underlying motivation or benefit that this part believes it is providing.
  4. Find Alternative Strategies. Once the positive intent is identified, work with the individual to help the part responsible find alternative strategies or behaviors that can achieve the positive intent in a more desired and beneficial way.
  5. Negotiate and Align. Facilitate a negotiation between the part responsible and other parts of the individual’s mind, seeking alignment and agreement on the new strategies or behaviors. Ensure that all parts are on board with the proposed changes.
  6. Test and Verify. Support the individual in testing the new strategies or behaviors in real-life situations. Encourage them to evaluate the effectiveness of the reframed response and make any necessary adjustments. Provide ongoing support and reinforcement as they integrate the changes into their daily life.

Circle of Excellence: Creating a mental and emotional resource state by associating positive memories and empowering qualities in a circle.

The coach guides the client through a visualization exercise where they recall moments of success, confidence, and joy. They imagine those experiences as vibrant colors in a circle around them, reinforcing positive emotions and creating a mental resource state.

Perceptual Positions: Shifting perspectives to view situations and relationships from different standpoints, gaining insights and empathy.

The coach might ask the client to consider the viewpoint of a colleague, a supervisor, or even an impartial observer.

By exploring multiple perspectives, the client gains insights and empathy, leading to a more balanced understanding.

Submodalities: Exploring and modifying the sensory qualities (e.g., brightness, size, location) of internal representations to change their meaning and impact.

For example, the client has a fear of public speaking. The coach helps them identify the sensory qualities associated with the fear, such as a bright and enlarged mental image.

They then guide the client to modify the image, perhaps by dimming the brightness, shrinking the image, or changing the location. These alterations can help reduce the fear response and change the client’s perception.

Sensory Acuity: Developing heightened awareness of nonverbal cues, gestures, tone of voice, and other sensory information to enhance communication and understanding.

The coach pays close attention to the client’s nonverbal cues during the conversation. They observe changes in facial expressions, body language, and vocal tone to gain insights into the client’s emotional state and level of engagement.

This heightened awareness allows the coach to tailor their approach and communication style accordingly.

  1. Physiology. Observe changes in the person’s physiology, including their breathing rate (rapid or slow), posture (tense or relaxed), facial expressions (furrowed brows, raised eyebrows, frowning, smiling), muscle tension (tightness or looseness), and body movements (restlessness or stillness). These physical cues can indicate their emotional and mental states.
  2. Microexpressions. Keep an eye out for fleeting facial expressions that occur within a fraction of a second, known as microexpressions. These can manifest as subtle movements around the eyes, brows, lips, or other facial features. For example, a quick flash of surprise, sadness, anger, or disgust. Microexpressions can reveal the person’s true feelings or emotional responses.
  3. Eye Movements. Pay attention to the person’s eye movements, such as where their gaze is directed, how often they blink, or how their eyes move when accessing different types of information. For instance, looking up and to the right suggests creating mental images, while looking up and to the left indicates visual recall. When someone looks to the right, they may be processing auditory information, whereas looking to the left can suggest internal dialogue. Looking down and to the right may indicate emotional or kinesthetic processing, and looking down and to the left may signify self-reflection or inner dialogue. These eye movements offer clues about how individuals access and process information internally.
  4. Voice and Tonality. Listen closely to the person’s voice for variations in tone, pitch, volume, and pace. Notice any shifts in their vocal quality, such as a trembling voice, a sudden rise in pitch, or a change in volume. These vocal cues can reflect their emotional states, levels of confidence, and even indicate incongruence between their verbal and nonverbal communication.
  5. Energy and Vibration. Tune into the person’s energy and overall vibe. Notice their presence and engagement level. Observe any shifts in their energy, such as an increase or decrease in enthusiasm, motivation, or attentiveness. These cues can provide insights into their mood, level of interest, or overall state of being.
  6. Nonverbal Cues. Be attentive to subtle nonverbal cues, such as hand gestures, body language, postural shifts, and micro-movements. For example, crossed arms may indicate defensiveness or resistance, while leaning forward with an open posture may suggest engagement and receptivity. These nonverbal signals can offer additional information about the person’s comfort level, engagement, or possible underlying emotions.
  7. Sensory Reactions. Observe any sensory reactions or responses the person displays. This includes changes in skin color (flushed or pale), goosebumps, pupil dilation (widening or constriction), or even sweating. These physiological responses can provide clues about their level of arousal, interest, or discomfort. For example, flushed skin or dilated pupils may indicate increased arousal or excitement, while pale skin or constricted pupils may suggest discomfort or anxiety. Goosebumps and sweating can also reflect emotional or physiological responses to stimuli.
  8. Congruence and Incongruence. Look for congruence or incongruence between different channels of communication, such as verbal and nonverbal cues. Pay attention to whether their words align with their body language, facial expressions, and overall demeanor. Incongruence may suggest internal conflicts or discrepancies between what is being said and what is being felt.

Reimprinting: Revisiting and transforming negative past experiences through visualization and accessing resources to create a positive emotional shift.

For example, the client has a traumatic childhood memory related to public speaking. The coach guides them through a visualization exercise where they revisit the memory with their current adult resources and support. They reimagine the situation, incorporating feelings of safety, confidence, and empowerment.

This process helps reframe the past experience and replace negative emotions with positive ones.

Meta Programs: Identifying and understanding the habitual patterns of thinking, decision-making, and motivation that influence behavior.

The coach helps the client identify their preferred patterns of thinking and decision-making. They explore whether the client leans towards being more “toward” motivated (seeking rewards) or “away from” motivated (avoiding consequences). Here are some examples:

  1. Toward-Away. Some individuals are motivated by moving toward what they desire, while others are motivated by moving away from what they want to avoid. For example, a “toward” oriented person may be motivated by the prospect of success and achieving their goals, while an “away” oriented person may be driven by the fear of failure or negative consequences.
  2. Internal-External Frame of Reference. This Meta Program relates to how individuals perceive and evaluate themselves and the world around them. An “internal” frame of reference means that a person relies on their own thoughts, feelings, and values to determine their reality and success. In contrast, an “external” frame of reference means that a person looks to external sources, such as others’ opinions or societal standards, to define their reality and measure their success.
  3. Proactive-Reactive. This Meta Program refers to the tendency to take initiative and be proactive versus being more reactive and responsive to external circumstances. A proactive person is self-motivated and takes action to create change, while a reactive person may wait for external events or cues before responding or taking action.
  4. Options-Procedures. Some individuals prefer having multiple options and choices when making decisions or approaching tasks (options-oriented), while others feel more comfortable following established procedures or guidelines (procedures-oriented). Options-oriented individuals enjoy flexibility and creative problem-solving, whereas procedures-oriented individuals prefer structure and clear guidelines.
  5. Internal Representational Systems. Meta Programs related to internal representational systems refer to how individuals predominantly process and represent information internally. For example, some people may be more visually oriented, relying on mental images and visual cues, while others may be more auditory, processing information through internal dialogue or sound-based representations. There are also individuals who primarily rely on their kinesthetic or feelings-based experiences when processing information.

Understanding these meta programs enables the client to leverage their natural tendencies for personal growth.

Discovering Meta Programs in clients involves observing patterns, actively listening to their language and communication styles, asking open-ended questions, observing non-verbal cues, utilizing Meta Program assessment tools, and engaging in collaborative feedback and reflection.

Step 5. Regularly evaluate the client’s progress and adjust the NLP techniques and interventions accordingly. Provide ongoing support, feedback, and encouragement to help the client maintain motivation and achieve their desired outcomes.

Nonviolent Communication:

A communication process focused on empathy, authenticity, and mutual understanding to resolve conflicts and foster cooperation.

Step 1. Introduce the concept of Nonviolent Communication (NVC) to the client, emphasizing its focus on empathy, authenticity, and mutual understanding in communication.
Step 2. Explain the four components of NVC: observations, feelings, needs, and requests. Help the client understand how each component contributes to effective and compassionate communication.

Step 3. Guide the client in practicing empathic listening skills. Encourage them to fully listen to others without judgment, seeking to understand their feelings and needs.
Step 4. Teach the client to express themselves authentically using “I” statements to convey observations, feelings, needs, and requests. Help them articulate their needs clearly and assertively.
Step 5. Facilitate role-playing exercises to help the client practice applying NVC in challenging situations. Encourage them to use the NVC framework to express themselves and actively listen to others.
Step 6. Explore the client’s patterns of communication and any blocks or barriers they may encounter. Identify any language or behaviors that may hinder effective communication and help the client find alternative approaches.

Example: “Coach: Alright, let’s do a role-play exercise to explore your communication patterns. Imagine we’re discussing a project deadline. Start by expressing your thoughts and observations.
Client: Well, I noticed that you set a deadline without considering my input, and it made me feel frustrated and disregarded.
Coach: Thank you for sharing that. Now, I noticed that when I provided feedback on your previous work, you seemed defensive and closed off. Can you reflect on this pattern?
Client: Hmm, now that you mention it, I guess I tend to become defensive when I receive feedback. It’s like I immediately interpret it as criticism and take it personally.
Coach: I appreciate your awareness. Let’s explore what might be blocking effective communication in those moments. Can you identify any specific thoughts or beliefs that contribute to your defensiveness?
Client: Well, I think I have this underlying belief that any feedback means I’ve done something wrong or that I’m not good enough. It triggers a fear of judgment and failure.
Coach: That’s an important insight. Recognizing this belief can help us address the block in your communication. Let’s work on reframing your perspective. How might you approach feedback differently?
Client: I suppose I can view feedback as an opportunity for growth and improvement rather than a personal attack. Instead of being defensive, I can ask clarifying questions and seek suggestions for enhancement.
Coach: Great progress! Let’s practice the new approach. I’ll provide feedback on your recent project, and I encourage you to respond using the reframed mindset.”

Step 7. Encourage the client to practice self-empathy by connecting with their own feelings and needs. Teach them strategies for self-reflection, self-care, and emotional regulation.
Step 8. Support the client in applying NVC in their relationships and conflicts. Help them navigate challenging conversations, mediate conflicts, and find win-win solutions by focusing on understanding and meeting everyone’s needs.
Step 9. Provide ongoing guidance and feedback as the client integrates NVC principles into their daily life. Address any challenges or difficulties they may encounter and offer strategies for continued growth. Regularly review and reflect on the client’s progress in applying NVC. Discuss their experiences, successes, and areas for further development.

Open-Ended Questions:

Questions that encourage reflection and deeper exploration, fostering self-awareness and insights.

Step 1. Familiarize yourself with the concept and purpose of open-ended questions, which encourage reflection and deeper exploration. Closed-ended questions elicit brief or specific answers like “Yes” or “No”, while open-ended questions are designed to stimulate discussion and invite individuals to share their thoughts, feelings, and experiences in a more expansive way. Open-ended questions can begin with phrases like “Tell me about,” “What are your thoughts on,” or “How do you feel about.” They prompt individuals to reflect, express themselves more fully, and tap into their own wisdom, ultimately facilitating personal growth, self-discovery, and meaningful connections.
Step 2. Set a comfortable and safe environment for the client to share their thoughts and feelings. Establish trust and rapport through active listening and empathy.
Step 3. Begin by asking open-ended questions that invite the client to share their experiences, perspectives, and emotions. For example, “Can you tell me more about that?” or “How does that make you feel?”
Step 4. Practice active listening and refrain from interrupting or interjecting your own opinions or judgments. Allow the client to fully express themselves without feeling rushed or judged.
Step 5. Use open-ended questions to explore different angles or aspects of a situation. This helps the client gain a deeper understanding of their thoughts, feelings, and motivations. For example, “What other perspectives might be worth considering?” or “How does this connect to other areas of your life?”
Step 6. Use this tool for various reasons. Ask open-ended questions that encourage the client to reflect on their values, goals, and aspirations. Help them connect their current experiences to their larger life journey. For example, “What is important to you about achieving this goal?” Utilize open-ended questions to challenge assumptions or limiting beliefs. Help the client examine alternative perspectives and possibilities. For example, “What would happen if you approached this situation from a different angle?” When appropriate, ask open-ended questions that encourage the client to explore potential solutions or strategies. Help them tap into their own wisdom and creativity. For example, “What are some possible ways you could approach this challenge?”
Step 7. Practice patience and allow for silence after asking open-ended questions. This gives the client time to reflect and respond in their own time.
Step 8. Regularly reflect on the impact of open-ended questions in the coaching or therapy process. Observe how they facilitate deeper exploration, self-awareness, and insights. Adjust your questioning approach based on the client’s needs and progress.

Positive Psychology Interventions:

Techniques and exercises aimed at promoting positive emotions, strengths, and well-being.

Step 1. Introduce the concept of positive psychology and its focus on promoting positive emotions, strengths, and well-being. Discuss the benefits of positive psychology interventions, such as increased happiness, resilience, and life satisfaction.

What is Positive Psychology?

Positive psychology is a field of psychology that focuses on understanding and promoting human well-being, flourishing, and optimal functioning. It is a branch of psychology that shifts the traditional focus from solely addressing mental health issues and disorders to also examining the positive aspects of human experience.

The concept of positive psychology revolves around the belief that individuals have the capacity for growth, resilience, and the ability to lead fulfilling lives. It seeks to identify and cultivate the strengths, virtues, and positive emotions that contribute to overall well-being and happiness.

Positive psychology places emphasis on studying and understanding positive experiences, such as happiness, joy, love, gratitude, resilience, and personal strengths. It explores how these elements can be enhanced and applied to promote individual and collective well-being.

Rather than solely addressing problems or pathology, positive psychology seeks to empower individuals by focusing on their strengths, values, and meaningful pursuits. It aims to help individuals flourish and thrive in all aspects of life, including relationships, work, education, and personal fulfillment.

The focus of positive psychology is on building and nurturing positive emotions, cultivating positive character traits and virtues, fostering positive relationships, promoting engagement and flow, and finding meaning and purpose in life. It aims to provide individuals with practical tools, interventions, and strategies to enhance their well-being and lead more fulfilling lives.

Positive psychology is a holistic and multidisciplinary field that draws on research and theories from psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and other related disciplines. Its ultimate goal is to contribute to the understanding and promotion of human flourishing, happiness, and optimal functioning.

Step 2. Assess the client’s strengths and areas of interest. Identify positive psychology interventions that align with their individual needs and goals.

What are Possible Positive Psychology Interventions?

  1. Gratitude Journaling: Writing down things you are grateful for each day to cultivate a positive mindset and appreciation for the present moment.
  2. Three Good Things: Reflecting on three positive experiences or accomplishments each day to focus on the positive aspects of life.
  3. Random Acts of Kindness: Engaging in small acts of kindness towards others to enhance well-being and foster positive relationships.
  4. Character Strengths Identification: Discovering and utilizing personal strengths to enhance confidence, engagement, and personal growth.
  5. Positive Affirmations: Using positive statements to challenge negative self-talk and cultivate self-belief and self-compassion.
  6. Savoring: Deliberately focusing attention on positive experiences, savoring the moment, and enhancing the enjoyment and appreciation of life’s pleasures.
  7. Mindful Breathing: Practicing mindful breathing exercises to cultivate a sense of calm, reduce stress, and promote overall well-being.
  8. Acts of Self-Care: Engaging in activities that promote self-care and self-nurturing, such as taking a relaxing bath, going for a walk in nature, or engaging in hobbies.
  9. Visualization and Goal Setting: Using visualization techniques to imagine and clarify desired goals, fostering motivation and increasing the likelihood of achievement.
  10. Flow State Activities: Engaging in activities that provide a sense of “flow,” where time seems to disappear, and you are fully immersed and energized by the task at hand.
  11. Positive Relationships: Cultivating and nurturing positive relationships with others, focusing on empathy, gratitude, and effective communication.
  12. Exercise and Physical Activity: Incorporating regular exercise and physical activity into your routine to boost mood, reduce stress, and enhance overall well-being.
  13. Laughter Therapy: Engaging in activities that promote laughter, such as watching a comedy show or sharing funny anecdotes, to enhance mood and overall happiness.
  14. Visualization of Best Possible Self: Imagining and writing about your best possible future self, including goals, achievements, and positive experiences, to foster optimism and motivation.
  15. Acts of Self-Compassion: Practicing self-compassion by offering kindness, understanding, and forgiveness towards oneself during challenging times or moments of self-doubt.

Step 3. Regularly review the client’s progress and experiences with positive psychology interventions. Assess their well-being and happiness levels and adjust the interventions as necessary. Provide ongoing support and encouragement to help them cultivate a positive and thriving life.

Power Poses:

Adopting confident and expansive body postures to boost self-confidence and reduce stress.

Step 1. Explain the concept of power poses to the client, emphasizing the link between body posture and psychological state.

What is The Main Idea Behind Power Poses?

The idea behind power poses is that our body language not only communicates our internal state to others but also has an impact on our own thoughts and feelings.

Research has shown that assuming these postures can increase testosterone levels, which is associated with feelings of power and confidence, and decrease cortisol levels, which is a stress hormone.

By consciously adopting power poses, you can tap into these physiological responses and create a positive shift in your mindset. It’s a simple yet effective way to boost your self-assurance, improve your presence, and reduce stress or anxiety in certain situations.

For example, before an important meeting or presentation, you can take a few moments to stand in a power pose, allowing your body to embody confidence and strength. This can help you feel more assertive and capable, enhancing your performance and overall experience.

Step 2. Demonstrate a few power poses, such as the Wonder Woman pose with hands on hips or the victory pose with arms raised.

List of Power Poses:

  1. Wonder Woman Pose: Stand tall with your feet shoulder-width apart, place your hands on your hips, and lift your chin.
    Aim: Boosting self-confidence and empowerment.
  2. Victory Pose: Stand with your feet apart, raise your arms in a V-shape above your head, and hold the pose for a few moments.
    Aim: Increasing feelings of strength, success, and positive energy.
  3. Superman Pose: Stand with your feet hip-width apart, clasp your hands together behind your back, and puff out your chest.
    Aim: Enhancing feelings of power, courage, and self-assuredness.
  4. CEO Pose: Sit with your back straight, legs crossed at the ankles, and place your hands on the arms of the chair or on your desk.
    Aim: Cultivating a sense of authority, professionalism, and executive presence.
  5. Open-Arms Pose: Stand or sit with your arms open wide, palms facing forward.
    Aim: Promoting feelings of openness, approachability, and connection.
  6. Warrior Pose: Stand with your feet wide apart, bend one knee, and extend the other leg straight behind you. Raise your arms overhead, forming a long, diagonal line with your body.
    Aim: Fostering a sense of inner strength, balance, and resilience.
  7. Confident Handshake: Stand tall, extend your arm with an open hand, and give a firm handshake.
    Aim: Projecting confidence, trustworthiness, and professionalism during introductions or networking.

Step 3. Encourage the client to adopt a power pose for a few minutes before situations that require confidence or during moments of stress.
Step 4. Discuss the experience with the client, noting any changes in their feelings of confidence, assertiveness, or stress levels.
Step 5. Help the client identify specific situations in their life where they can benefit from using power poses, and discuss strategies for integrating them into their daily routine.

Progressive Muscle Relaxation:

A technique involving the tensing and releasing of muscles to induce physical and mental relaxation.

Step 1. Guide the client to find a comfortable, quiet space where they can sit or lie down.
Step 2. Instruct the client to start by tensing a specific muscle group, such as the hands, for 5-10 seconds.
Step 3. Ask the client to release the tension suddenly and completely, allowing the muscles to relax fully.
Step 4. Move through different muscle groups, including the arms, shoulders, face, neck, abdomen, and legs, repeating the tensing and releasing process.
Step 5. Encourage the client to focus on the sensations of relaxation in each muscle group and to breathe deeply and slowly throughout the exercise.
Step 6. After completing the progressive muscle relaxation, guide the client to remain in a state of deep relaxation for a few more minutes.
Step 7. Reflect on the experience with the client, discussing any physical or mental sensations and the overall impact on their well-being.
Step 8. Teach the client how to practice progressive muscle relaxation independently and encourage regular practice to manage stress and promote relaxation.


Providing information and education on psychological topics to empower individuals and promote self-awareness.

Step 1. Assess the client’s current knowledge and understanding of the psychological topic to determine appropriate psychoeducation content.
Step 2. Prepare educational materials, such as handouts, infographics, or videos, to present information in a clear and accessible manner.
Step 3. Present the psychoeducation content to the client, ensuring it is tailored to their specific needs, interests, and learning style.
Step 4. Encourage active engagement by asking open-ended questions, promoting discussion, and inviting the client to share their thoughts and experiences related to the topic.
Step 5. Provide examples, case studies, or real-life scenarios to illustrate key concepts and facilitate comprehension.
Step 6. Address any misconceptions, clarify doubts, and answer the client’s questions to ensure accurate understanding.
Step 7. Summarize the main points and encourage the client to reflect on how the psychoeducation information applies to their own life and challenges.
Step 8. Provide additional resources or recommendations for further learning if the client expresses interest in deepening their understanding of the topic.

How Psychoeducation Can Help?

Let’s say you’re experiencing symptoms of anxiety, such as frequent worry, racing thoughts, and difficulty relaxing. As your coach, I would utilize psychoeducation to provide you with information and knowledge about anxiety. Here’s how it can help:

  1. Understanding Anxiety: I would explain to you what anxiety is and its common symptoms, helping you gain awareness that what you’re experiencing is a recognized condition and that you’re not alone in this.
  2. Normalizing the Experience: Psychoeducation can help you understand that anxiety is a normal human response to stress and that many people experience it to varying degrees. This knowledge can alleviate feelings of self-blame or shame.
  3. Identifying Triggers: By providing information on common triggers for anxiety, such as certain situations, thoughts, or life events, psychoeducation can help you identify patterns and gain insight into what specifically triggers your anxiety.
  4. Recognizing Physical and Emotional Symptoms: I would help you become aware of the physical and emotional symptoms associated with anxiety, such as increased heart rate, sweating, restlessness, and excessive worry. This knowledge can assist you in identifying when anxiety is present and distinguishing it from other emotions.
  5. Coping Strategies: Psychoeducation would involve teaching you various coping strategies for managing anxiety, such as deep breathing exercises, mindfulness techniques, cognitive restructuring, or self-care practices. By learning and practicing these strategies, you can develop a toolkit of skills to effectively manage your anxiety symptoms.
  6. Self-Help Resources: I would provide you with information about self-help resources, such as books, articles, apps, or support groups, that can further support your understanding of anxiety and offer additional tools for managing it. This empowers you to take an active role in your own well-being.
  7. Reframing Thoughts: Psychoeducation can help you challenge and reframe unhelpful thoughts or cognitive distortions associated with anxiety. By understanding how your thoughts influence your emotions, you can develop a more balanced and realistic perspective.


Shifting perspectives and finding alternative interpretations to change the meaning and emotional impact of situations.

Step 1. Identify the situation or thought pattern that the client wants to reframe.
Step 2. Explore the client’s current perspective and the emotions associated with it.
Step 3. Ask the client to consider alternative explanations or interpretations of the situation.
Step 4. Encourage the client to challenge their initial assumptions and explore different viewpoints or possibilities.
Step 5. Guide the client to reframe the situation by considering more positive or empowering interpretations.
Step 6. Help the client identify evidence or examples that support the new perspective.
Step 7. Discuss the emotional impact of the reframed perspective and how it influences their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
Step 8. Encourage the client to practice integrating the reframed perspective into their daily life, and support them in navigating any challenges or resistance that may arise.


Coach: “I noticed that you’ve been feeling disappointed about not getting the job you applied for. Let’s reframe this situation. Instead of seeing it as a rejection, what can you find valuable in this experience?”

Client: “Hmm, I can view it as an opportunity to improve my interview skills and explore other career possibilities.”

Coach: “Exactly! By reframing it as a chance to learn and explore new options, you shift from feeling rejected to feeling motivated to grow. How does this new perspective resonate with you?”

Client: “It feels more empowering. It takes away the sense of failure and gives me a sense of direction to move forward.”

Coach: “That’s great! Reframing helps us see setbacks as stepping stones for growth. It opens up possibilities and helps you maintain a positive outlook as you navigate your career path.”

Relationship Mapping:

Visualizing and analyzing relationships to identify patterns, strengths, and areas for growth.

Step 1. Ask the client to create a visual representation of their relationships, either through a diagram, chart, or mind map.
Step 2. Guide the client in identifying the key individuals in their life and the nature of their relationships (e.g., family, friends, colleagues).
Step 3. Discuss the quality and dynamics of each relationship, exploring patterns, strengths, and areas for growth.


Coach: “Now let’s delve into the quality and dynamics of your relationships. Take a moment to reflect on your relationships and think about one specific relationship that you would like to explore further. It could be a relationship with a family member, friend, colleague, or partner. Which relationship comes to mind?”

Client: “I would like to explore my relationship with my partner.”

Coach: “Great choice. Let’s start by discussing the dynamics of your relationship. What are some recurring patterns or behaviors that you’ve noticed between you and your partner?”

Client: “We often struggle with communication. We tend to argue and have difficulty understanding each other’s perspectives.”

Coach: “Thank you for sharing. Communication challenges are common in relationships. Now, let’s shift our focus to the strengths in your relationship. What are some positive aspects or strengths that you appreciate about your connection with your partner?”

Client: “We share similar values and have a strong emotional bond. We also support each other’s goals and dreams.”

Coach: “That’s wonderful to hear. It’s important to acknowledge the strengths in your relationship. Now, let’s explore areas for growth. Are there any specific aspects or behaviors that you would like to work on or improve within your relationship?”

Client: “I would like to improve our communication by being more patient and actively listening to each other. We could also benefit from finding healthy ways to resolve conflicts.”

Step 4. Encourage the client to reflect on how each relationship contributes to their overall well-being and identify any imbalances or challenges.
Step 5. Support the client in setting goals or intentions for improving specific relationships or establishing healthier boundaries. If we are using the example above, you can ask “Ok, so what are some ways that come to your mind, things you can do to improve the communication between you and your partner?”
Step 6. Explore strategies for effective communication, conflict resolution, and fostering positive connections with the people in their network.
Step 7. Encourage the client to regularly revisit and update their relationship map as dynamics change and new connections form.


Acting out scenarios to practice new behaviors, improve communication skills, and gain insights into different perspectives.

Step 1. Identify a specific scenario or situation that the client wants to work on through role-playing.
Step 2. Explain the purpose of role-playing, which is to practice new behaviors, improve communication skills, and gain insights into different perspectives.
Step 3. Assign roles, with the client playing their own role and the coach or another individual playing the role of the other person in the scenario.
Step 4. Guide the client in acting out the scenario, encouraging them to experiment with different responses and behaviors.
Step 5. Pause the role-playing at various points to provide feedback and explore alternative ways of approaching the situation.


Coach: “Let’s begin the role-play. In this scenario, you’ll play yourself, and I’ll play the role of your colleague. We’ll reenact the conversation you had. Ready to start?”

Client: “Yes, I’m ready.”

Coach (portraying colleague): “Hey, I noticed you had some ideas for the project. What were they?”

Client: “Well, I think we should consider incorporating more customer feedback into our decision-making process. It can provide valuable insights for improving our product.”

Coach (as colleague): “I’m not sure if that’s necessary. We already have enough data to make decisions. Besides, it could slow down the process.”

Client: “I understand your concern, but I believe involving customers will enhance our understanding of their needs and lead to better outcomes. It can also help us build stronger relationships with our target audience.”

Coach (as colleague): “I still don’t see the value. We’ve always relied on our internal expertise, and it has worked fine so far.”

Client: “I appreciate your perspective, and I think it’s important to consider both internal expertise and external insights. By incorporating customer feedback, we can make more informed decisions and stay competitive in the market.”

Coach: “Great job! Let’s pause here and reflect on the role-play. How did it feel for you to express your ideas in this simulated conversation?”

Client: “It was helpful to practice expressing my viewpoint and addressing potential objections. It allowed me to find more convincing arguments and remain assertive yet respectful.”

Coach: “That’s wonderful to hear. Role-playing provides a safe space to explore different communication styles and experiment with new approaches. Now, let’s discuss any insights you gained from this experience and brainstorm alternative strategies that you can apply in similar conversations.”

Step 6. Encourage the client to express their thoughts and emotions during the role-playing process, and support them in processing any challenging or triggering moments.
Step 7. Reflect on the role-playing experience with the client, discussing the lessons learned, insights gained, and strategies to integrate into real-life situations.
Step 8. Assign homework or practice exercises for the client to continue applying the new behaviors and skills outside the role-playing session.

Self-Compassion Exercises:

Cultivating kindness, understanding, and self-acceptance to improve self-esteem and overall well-being.

Step 1. Explain the concept of self-compassion to the client, emphasizing the importance of kindness, understanding, and acceptance towards oneself.
Step 2. Guide the client in identifying moments or situations where they tend to be self-critical or hard on themselves.
Step 3. Encourage the client to practice self-compassion by offering themselves words of kindness, understanding, and support in these challenging moments.
Step 4. Introduce self-compassion exercises such as writing a self-compassionate letter, using self-compassion affirmations, or practicing self-compassion meditation.

List of Self-Compassion Exercises:

  1. Self-Compassionate Letter: Write a letter to yourself, expressing kindness, understanding, and support. This exercise helps cultivate self-compassion and provides comfort during challenging times.
  2. Loving-Kindness Meditation: Engage in a meditation practice where you extend well wishes and positive intentions towards yourself and others. This exercise promotes self-compassion, empathy, and connection.
  3. Self-Compassion Break: When facing difficulties or self-criticism, pause and acknowledge your pain or suffering. Then, offer yourself words of comfort and understanding. This exercise helps in responding to distress with self-compassion.
  4. Body Scan: Engage in a mindful body scan, paying attention to each part of your body without judgment. This exercise promotes self-acceptance and connection with your body.
  5. Self-Compassionate Affirmations: Develop a list of affirmations that emphasize self-kindness, acceptance, and worthiness. Repeat these affirmations regularly to nurture self-compassion and boost self-esteem.
  6. Self-Care Rituals: Engage in activities that promote self-care, such as taking a relaxing bath, enjoying a hobby, or spending time in nature. These rituals enhance self-compassion by prioritizing your well-being.
  7. Mindful Self-Compassion Journaling: Reflect on challenging experiences or negative self-talk, and then write about them from a compassionate and understanding perspective. This exercise fosters self-compassion and shifts self-critical thoughts.
  8. Self-Compassion Visualization: Close your eyes and visualize yourself receiving compassion, understanding, and support from a loving figure or a compassionate version of yourself. This exercise helps cultivate self-compassion and feelings of warmth and care.
  9. Gratitude Practice: Regularly express gratitude for the positive aspects of your life, including qualities, experiences, and relationships. This exercise encourages self-appreciation and shifts focus towards self-compassion.

Step 5. Support the client in integrating self-compassion into their daily life by reminding them to be gentle with themselves and to challenge self-judgment or harsh self-talk.
Step 6. Explore the impact of self-compassion on the client’s self-esteem, resilience, and overall well-being.
Step 7. Assist the client in cultivating a self-compassion practice that resonates with them and that they can continue independently.

Self-Efficacy Building:

Enhancing belief in one’s abilities and capacity to succeed, boosting motivation and performance.

Step 1. Explore the client’s current beliefs and perceptions about their abilities in a specific area or task.
Step 2. Identify specific strengths, skills, or past achievements that demonstrate the client’s capability in the given domain.
Step 3. Help the client set small, attainable goals that align with their desired outcome or area of self-efficacy they want to develop.
Step 4. Break down the larger goal into smaller, manageable steps that allow the client to experience a sense of progress and success along the way.
Step 5. Encourage the client to celebrate and acknowledge their achievements, no matter how small, to reinforce their sense of self-efficacy.
Step 6. Offer support, guidance, and feedback to the client as they work towards their goals, providing encouragement and reinforcement of their abilities.
Step 7. Help the client navigate and reframe setbacks or obstacles that may arise during their journey, focusing on learning and growth rather than perceived failures.
Step 8. Continuously assess and discuss the client’s progress, reflecting on their increasing belief in their abilities and their enhanced self-efficacy.

Solution-Focused Brief Therapy:

A goal-oriented approach that focuses on solutions and strengths rather than problems and deficits.

Step 1. Establish a collaborative and strength-based therapeutic alliance with the client.
Step 2. Identify the client’s desired outcome or goal for therapy, ensuring it is specific, achievable, and time-bound.
Step 3. Use scaling questions to assess the client’s current position in relation to their goal and to track progress over time.
Step 4. Explore exceptions to the problem by asking the client about times when the issue was less prominent or when progress was made.
Step 5. Assist the client in identifying their strengths, resources, and previous successful strategies they can leverage in addressing their current challenges.
Step 6. Co-create specific, manageable actions or steps that the client can take towards their desired outcome.
Step 7. Regularly review and evaluate the client’s progress, celebrating their successes and adapting the approach as needed.
Step 8. Facilitate conversations that focus on solutions, strengths, and future possibilities rather than dwelling on the problem itself.

Strengths Assessment: Identifying and leveraging personal strengths to enhance performance, well-being, and goal achievement.

Stress Management Techniques: Various strategies such as time management, relaxation exercises, and prioritization to reduce stress and promote well-being.
SWOT Analysis: Evaluating strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats to identify strategies for personal or professional development.
Thought Stopping: Interrupting and replacing negative or intrusive thoughts with positive and empowering thoughts.
Values Clarification: Identifying and prioritizing personal values to guide decision-making and align actions with core beliefs.
Visualization: Creating mental images of desired outcomes to enhance motivation, improve performance, and reduce anxiety.
Wheel of Life Exercise: Assessing life satisfaction in different areas (career, relationships, health, etc.) to identify imbalances and set goals for improvement.
Yoga: A practice combining physical postures, breathing exercises, and meditation to promote physical and mental well-being.
Zentangle: A form of meditative drawing involving structured patterns, promoting relaxation, focus, and creativity.
Anchoring: Associating a specific gesture, word, or image with a desired emotional state, allowing for quick access to that state in the future.